Toothpaste, made from paste or a gel dentifrice, serves as an abrasive aid for removing dental plaque and left over food from in between teeth as well as assisting in suppressing various oral diseases. Anywhere from 20-45% of toothpaste is made up of water, the rest consist of a variety of components with the three main ingredients being the abrasives, detergents and the fluoride.
The abrasives in any toothpaste typically make up at least 50% of it. These particles help remove the plaque from teeth, and are insoluble. To avoid cavities and periodontal diseases the removal of plaque and calculus, which is a hardened formed of plaque, is paramount. Generally the abrasives used in toothpastes are aluminium hydroxide, calcium carbonate, hydroxyapatite and several varieties of calcium hydrogen phosphates, silicas and zeolites.
Fluoride is by far the most popular of the active ingredients in toothpaste to prevent cavities. The fluoride has beneficial effects on the formation of dental enamel and the teeth. While sodium fluoride is the most common source of fluoride in toothpaste, there are others, namely stannous fluoride, olaflur and sodium monofluorophosphate. As stated, sodium fluoride is the most common but not the most effective in reducing the incidence of dental problems and controlling gingivitis, which would be stannous fluoride and is far superior.
There are a few other ingredients that go into making toothpaste, some that go into all, others that are only in a few brands. Sodium lauryl sulfate is one of these, and contained in only a few brands is a foaming agent, which enables proper distribution of the toothpaste through your mouth. There are also antibacterial agents in most toothpaste, namely triclosan which prevents gingivitis and helps reduce tartar and bad breath. Hydroxyapatite nanocrystals and calcium phosphate are included in some formulations for remineralisation, which is the reformation of the teeth enamel, and, of course, there are flavorants to cover up the taste of so many different ingredients. The most common ‘flavours’ of toothpaste are spearmint, peppermint and wintergreen.
After using toothpaste many people often remark on the foul taste it seems to give to most juices and some foods. This is due to the sodium lauryl sulfate which alters your taste perception by breaking down phospholipids that inhibit the taste receptors for sweetness, giving your food or drink that foul bitter taste. There are various other types of toothpaste to choose from, and finding the best for you will ultimately give you a healthier smile.
About Dentists in Basingstoke
The way we do it is a little different. We provide you with treatment in a very gentle way that’s personally tailored to your own needs with, care from a whole team of people – dentists, specialists, hygienists, nurses and receptionists. We also ensure that with our professional guidance you can maintain your smile for all the years to come.
Linden Dental Care
1-2 Linden Court